"Family planning could bring more benefits to more people at less cost than any other single
technology now available to the human race."
Director General of UNICEF, Cairo Conference, 1993
"Quite as important as the Four Freedoms... is a Fifth Freedom – from excessive numbers of
children. Far more than much of the world realizes, even the partial achievement of the first four is
dependent upon this last."
'Road to Survival' by William Vogt, 1948. (The Four Freedoms were
freedom of speech and worship, freedom from want and fear.)
"Population problems are of extreme importance….they have a vital bearing on world peace."
Mgr Giovanni Battista Montini (the future Pope Paul VI)
writing to the Twenty-sixth Italian Catholic Social Week, 1953
"A problem which everyone talks about, is that of birth control, as it is called, namely,
of population increase on the one hand and family morality on the other. It is an extremely grave
Pope Paul VI, 23 June 1964. (Report in The Times 24 June 1964)
"There is no denying that the accelerated rate of population growth brings many added
difficulties to the problems of development... There is no doubt public authorities can intervene in this matter...
They can instruct citizens on this subject and adopt appropriate measures."
Pope Paul VI in his Encyclical Populorum Progressio, 1967.
Paragraph 37 with the theological hesitations removed.
"The green revolution has won a temporary success in man's war against hunger and
deprivation; it has given man a breathing space. If fully implemented, the revolution can provide
sufficient food for sustenance during the next three decades. But the frightening power of human
reproduction must also be curbed; otherwise the success of the green revolution will be ephemeral
only... Most people still fail to comprehend the magnitude and menace of the 'Population Monster'."
Norman Borlaug, the 'father' of the green revolution,
in his speech on receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo in 1970.
"Reducing population growth will not of itself solve Africa's problems, but without it they
will become insoluble."
David Coleman, Professor of Demography, Oxford University.
Times, 3 October 2005